The study found that a “moderate” amount of almonds significantly improved overall diet quality and modulate intestinal microbiota composition in participants of the study.
Changing gut microbiota
It concluded that along with fibre, vitamin E, unsaturated fats and flavonoids, almonds offer potential for changing gut microbiota, which may in turn impact immunity, inflammation and general health.
Although no specific changes in immune markers were observed, almond consumption did result in detectable changes in gut microbiota, which may have a variety of digestive and immune health benefits.
Further research is needed with a higher consumption of almonds, the study said.