SUBSCRIBE

Inside food & drink manufacturing

Headlines > Ingredients

Read more breaking news

 

 

Processing affects how fat in plant-based food is absorbed: study

Post a commentBy Noli Dinkovski , 13-Sep-2017
Last updated on 13-Sep-2017 at 12:31 GMT2017-09-13T12:31:42Z

Fat absorbtion study: researchers compared the digestion of almond chunks with almond flour in muffins
Fat absorbtion study: researchers compared the digestion of almond chunks with almond flour in muffins

Preserving the natural structure of plant-based food during processing can limit the amount of fat and energy absorbed by the body, a study has claimed.

The structure of plant-based foods determined how quickly fats were exposed to digestive enzymes in the stomach – which in turn helped to regulate the amount of fat absorbed by the body – researchers from the Quadram Institute, King’s College London, the University of Surrey and the University of Messina found.

Comparing almond chunks with flour

The study compared the digestion of almond chunks with almond flour in muffins.

The muffins were chewed as normal but instead of swallowing were put into an instrument known as the Dynamic Gastric Model, which accurately mimics the physical and chemical conditions of the human stomach and small bowel, making it possible to calculate how much fat had been released.

After 60 minutes, over 40% of the total fat content had been released from the almond flour muffins, but just under 6% had been released from those made with almond chunks.

Simulated small bowel samples

Samples taken from the simulated small bowel showed that after nine hours, 97% of the fat from the almond flour muffins were released, but only 60% of fat in the almond chunk muffins.

Maintaining the structural integrity of the tough cell walls surrounding the fat-rich cells in almonds was the main factor in determining the digestibility of the fats, researchers concluded.

Please click here to sign-up for our free monthly Food Ingredients, Health & Nutrition (FIHN) newsletter.

Post a comment

Comment title *
Your comment *
Your name *
Your email *

We will not publish your email on the site

I agree to Terms and Conditions

These comments have not been moderated. You are encouraged to participate with comments that are relevant to our news stories. You should not post comments that are abusive, threatening, defamatory, misleading or invasive of privacy. For the full terms and conditions for commenting see clause 7 of our Terms and Conditions ‘Participating in Online Communities’. These terms may be updated from time to time, so please read them before posting a comment. Any comment that violates these terms may be removed in its entirety as we do not edit comments. If you wish to complain about a comment please use the "REPORT ABUSE" button or contact the editors.